Chronology Gmund to 64 356
1948 to 1949: Gmund Coupes- the
356's predecessor was first produced in July 1948. The aluminum
bodied Gmund Coupes used virtually all 1/1/1/ mechanicals from a
four-speed gearbox to torsion bar suspension, and, of course, the
Beetle-derived 40hp flat-four engine complete with twin Solex
down-draft carburetors and 7.0:1 compression ratio. Drum brakes were
1951: 1300cc and 1500cc (60hp) engines introduced.
1952: Split-screen front windscreen replaced with single piece window; bumpers mounted higher and further forward from body; rectangular rear taillights replaced with circular items. 1500cc engine loses 5hp but is more refined and was the first engine to feature the 'Alfinger' crankshaft. 1500 S (70hp) engine introduced. Fully synchronized gearbox fitted across the range.
1955:356A:- New engines and
suspension altered. New curved 'V-screen' does away with the need to
split the screen, vinyl replaces cloth inside. New dash, combined
ignition/starter. New gearbox in 1957. Four Cam Carreras launched at
the 1955 Frankfurt Motor Show, these engines were directly derived
from racing technology, with GT-denoted models aimed specifically at
motorsport. They were dry sumped, had reduced compression ratios and
revved much higher. The bodies around them were lightweight, making
them very potent on the road for their day.
1959:356B:- 90hp 1600 introduced for Super 90 which gets 'compensating rear springs' to improve handling. Changes to bumper position, headlamps and numerous interior details.
1961: Larger rear window and engine cover with twin air intakes introduced, electric sliding roof optional; 1600 S engine gets four-ring pistons, S-90 gets modified flywheel. 130hp Carrera 2 announced (introduced in 1962), featuring Porsche-designed disc brakes.
1963:356C:- Reworked engines, clutch from Super fitted to 75 and 95hp models, disc brakes introduced all-round, rear compensating spring special order only, no external changes but there was a rethink of the interior details.
1964: Porsche takes control
of Reutter and 356 C introduced, Roadster dropped from the