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Chronology Gmund to 64 356

1948 to 1949: Gmund Coupes- the 356's predecessor was first produced in July 1948. The aluminum bodied Gmund Coupes used virtually all 1/1/1/ mechanicals from a four-speed gearbox to torsion bar suspension, and, of course, the Beetle-derived 40hp flat-four engine complete with twin Solex down-draft carburetors and 7.0:1 compression ratio. Drum brakes were fitted all-round.
1950: 'Pre-A' 356:- Following the move to Stuttgart, the 356's integral body was made of steel and the design given a higher waistline than Gmund Coupes, with the distinctive V-shaped roof to accommodate its split-screen. The 1.1-litre engine now produced 40hp and, along with the other engines offered after 1952, was mated with Porsche's own four-speed gearbox.

1951: 1300cc and 1500cc (60hp) engines introduced.

1952: Split-screen front windscreen replaced with single piece window; bumpers mounted higher and further forward from body; rectangular rear taillights replaced with circular items. 1500cc engine loses 5hp but is more refined and was the first engine to feature the 'Alfinger' crankshaft. 1500 S (70hp) engine introduced. Fully synchronized gearbox fitted across the range.

1955:356A:- New engines and suspension altered. New curved 'V-screen' does away with the need to split the screen, vinyl replaces cloth inside. New dash, combined ignition/starter. New gearbox in 1957. Four Cam Carreras launched at the 1955 Frankfurt Motor Show, these engines were directly derived from racing technology, with GT-denoted models aimed specifically at motorsport. They were dry sumped, had reduced compression ratios and revved much higher. The bodies around them were lightweight, making them very potent on the road for their day.
 

1959:356B:- 90hp 1600 introduced for Super 90 which gets 'compensating rear springs' to improve handling. Changes to bumper position, headlamps and numerous interior details.

1961: Larger rear window and engine cover with twin air intakes introduced, electric sliding roof optional; 1600 S engine gets four-ring pistons, S-90 gets modified flywheel. 130hp Carrera 2 announced (introduced in 1962), featuring Porsche-designed disc brakes.

1963:356C:- Reworked engines, clutch from Super fitted to 75 and 95hp models, disc brakes introduced all-round, rear compensating spring special order only, no external changes but there was a rethink of the interior details.

1964: Porsche takes control of Reutter and 356 C introduced, Roadster dropped from the
lineup.

 

MODEL

MODEL

YEAR

WEIGHT

   ENGINE

cc

HP

TORQUE (lb ft)

0-62

TOP SPEED (mph)

Gmund Coupes

1948 to'50

605

1086

35-40

50

23.0

80

'Pre-A' 356

1100

1950 to '54

745

1086

40

51

23.5

87

1300

1951 to '54

810

1286

44

59

22.0

90

1300A

1954

830

1286

44

51

22.0

90

1300S

1953 to '54

830

1290

60

64

17.0

99

1500

1951 to '52

830

1488

60

75

15.5

105

1500

1953 to '55

830

1488

55

77

16.5

96

1500S

1952 to '55

830

1488

70

80

13.5

108

356A

1300

1955 to '57

860

1290

44

60

22.0

90

1300S

1955 to '57

900

1290

60

65

17.0

99

1500GS Carrera

1955 to '58

835

1498

100

88

12.0

124

1600

1955 to '59

835

1582

60

81

16.5

99

1600S

1955 to '59

835

1582

75

86

14.5

108

1600GS Carrera

1958 to '59

835

1587

105

89

11.0

124

356B

1600

1959 to '63

905

1582

60

81

16.5

96

1600S

1959 to '62

925

1582

75

86

15.0

108

1600S

1960 to '63

925

1582

90

89

13.5

112

1600S

1961 to '63

935

1582

75

86

15.0

108

1600GS Carrera GT1959 to '61

890

1588

115

99

10.5

124

Carrera 2

1962 to '64

890

1966

155

144

9.0

124

356C

1600C

1963 to '65

935

1582

75

89

14

109

1600SC

1963 to '65

935

1582

95

90

13

116

2000GS

1962 to '64

935

1966

130

119

9.0

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